A shipwrecked Portuguese Galleon, A Portuguese fort in Madagascar: the fort near Tolanaro, The Portuguese in the Moluccas: Ternate and Tidore, Tidore: The Spanish forts on the island of Tidore, 1606-1663, South East Asia and in Far East Asia. List of Dutch colonial forts and possessions, Sri Lanka (Ceylon). A historical study of the role of theological concepts in the development of Afrikaner group identity during the period when South Africa was a Dutch colony. Dutch Settlers who took over Africans land and established farms in South Africa. With colonialism, which began in South Africa in 1652, came the Slavery and Forced Labour Model. 293-313 Also in: “International Journal of African Historical Studies” Vol. There is also one congregation for Dutch-speaking people and four for Portuguese speakers. The Dutch Cape Colony was divided into four districts. – Theal, G. “The history of South Africa under the administration of the Dutch East India Company (1652 – 1795)” 459+462 pp. maps, 2 voll. Swan Sonnenschein & Co., 1897, London, United Kingdom. Group of people who traveled to Africa to promote Christianity. – Trotter, A. F. “Old Cape Colony: a Chronicle of Her Men and Houses from 1652 to 1806.” ??? – Gerstner, J. Neil “The thousand generation covenant : Dutch Reformed covenant theology and group identity in colonial South Africa, 1652-1814” ? false (dutch) racism is the name for the belief that one race is superior to others. Between 1652 and 1691 a Commandment, and between 1691 and 1795 a Governorate of the United East India Company (VOC). Dutchmen soon started settling the area, with little, if any, conflict with the native Khoisan population. The first and largest wave of Dutch settlers in Brazil was between 1640 and 1656. List of Dutch colonial forts and possessions, Asia. If you want to publish a study with regard to the geographical discoveries or colonialism, please contact me I will be happy to post it on Colonialvoyage. Dutch Colonial Remains 16th-18th centuries, Africa. A Dutch colony was established in Northeast Brazil; over 30.000 people settled in the region. Some Boers migrated to other parts of the world, such as Patagonia in Argentina, where there is still an Afrikaans-speaking community. In 1652 the Dutch East India Company charged Jan Between 1652 and 1691 a Commandment, and between 1691 and 1795 a Governorate of the United East India Company (VOC). In: “Kronos, Journal of Cape History” n° 25, 1998/1999. Alternative Titles: NGK, Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk Dutch Reformed Church, Afrikaans Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk (NGK), South African denomination that traces its beginnings to the Reformed tradition of the first white settlers who came to South Africa from … The Dutch settlement history in South Africa began in March 1647 with the shipwreck of the Dutch ship – Worden, N. – Van Heyningen, E. – Bickford-Smith, V. “Cape town: the making of a city. The support station gradually became a settler community, the forebears of the Boers, an ethnic group in South Africa that later appropriated the name "Afrikaners". 296 p. Longmans 1939 London (reprint Witwatersrand University Press : 1957, 1968, 1978). List of Portuguese colonial forts and possessions, List of Danish colonial forts and possessions, The French in Brazil: Saint-Alexis, France Antarctique (Rio de Janeiro), Ipiapaba and Sao Luís do Maranhão, Russian presence in Hawaii. All rights reserved. The Afrikaans Language Monument in Paarl. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, America. The Dutch Settlement. Today (2001 census) Afrikaans is the 3rd language of South Africa. Mid-year 2007 estimate: Total 47,850,700: African 38,079,900 (79,6%), White 4,352,100 (9,1%), Coloured 4,245,000 (8,9%) and Asian 1,173,700 (2,5%). n° 29; Nizza da Silva, M. B. Afrikaans is not only spoken by the White peoples of Dutch, Huguenot and German descent (about 60% of South Africa’s Whites), but also by the majority (about 90%) of the people of mixed descent (Coloureds). Dutch settlers of south africa fought against the british, british won. 1979, Cape Town and London. After the war, the natives ceded the land to the settlers in 1660. [2] The Cape came under VOC rule from 1652 to 1795 and again from 1803 to 1806. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, The Dutch East India Company: VOC (Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie), Map of Dutch settlements in Guyana and Suriname 1600-1750, The Dutch in Formosa 1624-1662, 1664-1668, Index of the Journal of the Dutch Burgher Union of Ceylon, Dutch and Portuguese remains in Sri Lanka: forts and churches, The Dutch Burghers of Sri Lanka. List of Dutch colonial forts and possessions, Central America. The shipwreck victims built a small fort named "Sand Fort of the Cape of Good Hope". Rudi Ball (1911–1975), German-South African Hall … When Great Britain took over South Africa and the Dutch settlers moved farther North, which African group fought that expansion? As the only permanent settlement of the Dutch United East India Company not serving as a trading post, it proved an ideal retirement place for employees of the company. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Asia Far East: China, Taiwan (Formosa), Japan. The title of the founder of the Cape Colony, Jan van Riebeeck, was installed as "Commander of the Cape", a position he held from 1652 to 1662. belgian settlers in south africa were known as boers. 5,983,426 are Afrikaans first language speakers in South Africa, 146,000 in Namibia and 20,000 in Botswana. In 1806, the Cape, now nominally controlled by the Batavian Republic, was occupied again by the British after their victory in the Battle of Blaauwberg. Leopold II of Belgium. Thus by 1672, the permanent indigenous residents living at the Cape had grown substantially. Of course, the argument is the colonial history and everything connected to it. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Asia. “Historiorgraphy of Europeans in Africa and Asia 1450-1800” Ashgate Variorum, vol. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Indonesia. Suez Canal. List of Dutch forts and colonial possessions, North America. Dutch control did not last long, however, as the outbreak of the Napoleonic Wars (18 May 1803) invalidated the Peace of Amiens. The initial years were a struggle for the settlers but gradually, with hard work, conditions improved. WIC (West-Indische Compagnie), Australia and the Dutch East India Company (VOC), India. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Malacca, Thailand, and Philippines. This group of first settlers … Written by Marco Ramerini. Jan van Riebeeck established the colony as a re-supply and layoverport for vessels of the VOC tr… In 1797 their populations were:[7]. [3] Much to the dismay of the shareholders of the VOC, who focused primarily on making profits from the Asian trade, the colony rapidly expanded into a Settler Colony in the years after its founding. Theal, London 1888, Precis of the Archives of the Cape of Good Hope, January 1652 - December 1658, Riebeeck's Journal, H.C.V. The WIC would soon become a powerful force itself, even founding the Dutch coloni… Crimean War. XI, 280 pp. Afrikaans variants are: Cape Afrikaans (West Cape Afrikaans), Orange River Afrikaans and East Cape Afrikaans. E. J. Brill, 1991, Leiden, NL. – Elphick, R., and Hermann Giliomee “The Shaping of South African Society, 1652-1820” ? The United East India Company transferred its territories and claims to the Batavian Republic (the Revolutionary period Dutch state) in 1798, then ceased to exist in 1799. In January 1806, the British occupied the colony for a second time after the Battle of Blaauwberg at present-day Bloubergstrand. These areas were separated by the Amstel River (Liesbeek River). Afrikaans is a language of Dutch origin and structure similar to Flemish; it’s also influenced by various African languages and by Portuguese, German, French and Malay. 283 pp. In 1652, Dutch emigrants first settled in South Africa near the Cape of Good Hope to establish a station where ships traveling to the Dutch East Indies (currently Indonesia) could rest and resupply. Today South Africa is an ethnically and culturally diverse country, where the descendants of the Dutch settlers form only a minority. Also the length of the article is not a problem, the minimum lenght is about 450 words. Selwyn & Blount, 1903. [5], The ability of the European settlers to produce food at the Cape initiated the decline of the nomadic lifestyle of the Khoe and !Ui speaking peoples since food was produced at a fixed location. Under the terms of the Peace of Amiens of 1802, Britain acceded the colony to the Dutch on 1 March 1803, but as the Batavian Republic had since nationalized the United East India Company (1796), the colony came under the direct rule of The Hague. The British sent a fleet of nine warships which anchored at Simon's Town and, following the defeat of the Dutch militia at the Battle of Muizenberg, took control of the territory. with 2 lithograph plates, W & C Inglis, 1869. My e-mail is at the bottom of the page. Jan van Riebeeck established the colony as a re-supply and layover port for vessels of the VOC trading with Asia. In 1814 the Dutch government formally ceded sovereignty over the Cape to the British, under the terms of the Convention of London. By the end of 1847, following annexation by Britain of the former Boer republic of Natalia, nearly all the Boers had left their former republic, which the British renamed Natal. The original colony and its successive states that the colony was incorporated into occupied much of modern South Africa. Traders of the United East India Company (VOC), under the command of Jan van Riebieeck, were the first people to establish a European colony in South Africa. The Dutch Settlement. In total there are about 2,000 members in these congregations. The first van der Merwes hail from the Merwede river. Dutch Settlement 1652-1712 Meeting the indigenous people – 6th April, Van Riebeeck makes the acquaintance of two Khoikhoi who had come aboard the Dromedaris. The Company, in an effort to control these migrants, established a magistracy at Swellendam in 1745 and another at Graaff Reinet in 1786, and declared the Gamtoos River as the eastern frontier of the colony, only to see the Trekboere cross it soon afterwards. Mid-year 2011 estimate: Total 50,586,757: African 40,206,275 (79,5%), White 4,565,825 (9,0%), Coloured 4,539,790 (9,0%) and Asian 1,274,867 (2,5%). Nine of the best applicants were selected to use the land for agricultural purposes. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini. Afrikaans was declared an official tongue of South Africa besides English in 1925. Starting in the 17th century, Dutch settlers relied on slaves to build up South Africa. The Cape Colony (Dutch: Kaapkolonie) was a United East India Company (VOC) colony in Southern Africa, centered on the Cape of Good Hope, whence it derived its name. In the 2001 census South Africa had 44,819,778 inhabitants of whom 35,416,166 were Bantus (Zulu, Sotho, Xhosa, Tswana, Tsonga, Swazi, Ndebele and others), 4,293,640 were Whites (mostly Boers and British), 3,994,505 were Coloureds (people of mixed descent mainly Whites and Hottentots, the latter also called Namas or Khoi Khois) and 1,115,467 were Asians (mostly Indians, a few Chinese). 152 pp. List of Portuguese colonial forts and possessions, Maramuca: an exercise in the combined use of Portuguese records and oral tradition: the History of the Mwanamutapa Empire, Isle of Pines: Prison ruins and Cemetery of the Deported (Cemetery of the Communards) in New Caledonia. www.colonialvoyage.com © Copyright 1998-2020, All Rights Reserved. de Jong. The Afrikaaners/Afrikaners (Boers) have a rich mix of cultures in their blood: one estimate shows 40% Dutch, 40% German, 7.5% British (mainly Scots), 7.5% French and 5% others. n° 4; Disney, A. true. illustrations throughout, County Library series No.II. By 1700, the traditional "Khoekhoe" lifestyle of pastoralism, which they had learnt from Bantu agriculturalists and pastoralists, had disappeared. A more recent estimate (2005) of the South African population gives a total of 46,888,200 inhabitants of whom: African 37,205,700 (79,4%), White 4,379,800 (9,3%), Coloured 4,148,800 (8,8%) and Asian 1,153,900 (2,5%). A history of the first settlements 1628-1677, The Castle of Good Hope: A Dutch Fort in South Africa, The Dutch in South Africa, 1652-1795 and 1802-1806, The Dutch on São Tomé and Principe: the attacks on the island of Principe (1598) and São Tomé (1599), The Dutch on Mauritius 1638-1658, 1664-1710, The Portuguese on the Persian Gulf and on the Arabian Peninsula, The Portuguese in Ceylon: The Portuguese in Sri Lanka before the war with the Dutch, The Jesuit Missions in South America: Jesuits Reductions in Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil, Fort Jesus Mombasa: a Portuguese fortress in Kenya, India. VOC Cape Colony at its largest extent in 1795, Colonies of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (1815–1962), Commanders and governors of the Cape Colony (1652–1806). in 1884 and 1885 14 africa nations met at the Berlin Conference to discuss the future of africa. false (european) 174-216 Also in: “The shaping of South African Society 1652-1840” 1986, Middelton, Connecticut, USA, pp. The settlement – to be known as Cape Town – grew to 6000 acres. In the 17th century, the southernmost point of Africa where the Atlantic and Indian oceans meet became a desirable half-way haven for the Dutch East India Company which was trading with India. Marco Ramerini: Contact: e-mail voyage@colonialvoyage.com, Web site dedicated to Arnold van Wickeren, The Dutch East India Company (VOC) symbol it's still at the entrance gate of the Castle of Good Hope (Kasteel de Goede Hoop), Cape Town, South Africa. RICHMOND, VA—The Dutch East India Company established a small settlement at what is now Cape Town in 1652. A historical sketch of the development of the church under VOC and British rule its schisms and dissidents, as well as short data on other churches in the territory. The Cape settlement was built by them in 1652 as a re-supply point and way-station for United East India Company vessels on their way back and forth between the Netherlands and Batavia (Jakarta) in the Dutch East Indies. 453-473, – Marais, Johannes Stephanus “The Cape Coloured People, 1652-1937” ? There were also farmers outside the town. It has been theorised that "a number of non-professing Jews" were among the first settlers of Cape Town. There, Dutch ships were picking up a twelve to fourteen-day supply of carrots, beets and other vegetables and a few live sheep. Today, descendants of the Boers are commonly referred to as Afrikaners. In 1621, the Dutch government approved the charter of the Dutch West Indian Company (West-Indische Compagnie or WIC) with the goal of basically messing with Spanish and Portuguese trade routes. As a result it was looked down on as a kombuistaal (kitchen language) by the wealthier settlers who spoke High Dutch. Posted by: Marco Ramerini Improving relations between Britain and Napoleonic France, and its vassal state the Batavian Republic, led the British to hand the Cape Colony over to the Batavian Republic in 1803, under the terms of the Treaty of Amiens. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Arabia and Persian Gulf. n° 4, 1995; pp. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Ceylon (Sri Lanka). They traditionally dominated South Africa's politics and commercial agricultural sector prior to 1994. – Guelke, Leonard “Freehold farmers and frontier settlers, 1675-1780” In: “An Expanding World” Vol. As these farms were labour-intensive, Vryburghers imported slaves from Madagascar, Mozambique and Asia (Dutch East Indies and Dutch Ceylon), which rapidly increased the number of inhabitants. The peace between Britain and Napoleonic France had broken after one year, while Napoleon had been strengthening his influence on the Batavian Republic (which he would replace with a monarchy later that year). [2] After King Louis XIV of France revoked the Edict of Nantes (October 1685), which had protected the right of Huguenots in France to practise Protestant worship without persecution from the state, the colony attracted many Huguenot settlers, who eventually mixed with the general Vryburgher population. A. After about 10 years most had prospered and had been able to take ownership of their lands. History of South Africa, 1484 - 1691, G.M. Dutch Ceylon, Trincomalee: Bibliography. Beginning in the 17th century with the tiny Dutch settlement, the book charts the growth of Cape Town over almost three centuries, ending with the British colonial city. List of Dutch colonial forts and possessions, Arabia and Persian Gulf. The two smaller Reformed Churches are the Nederduitsche Hervormde Kerk and the Gereformeerde Kerk, which form part of the Afrikaans-language churches. The two areas which were allocated to the freemen, for agricultural purposes, were named Groeneveld and Dutch Garden. – Schutte, Gerrit “Between Amsterdam and Batavia: Cape society and the Calvinist church under the Dutch East India Company” ? In South African contexts, "Boers" ( Afrikaans: Boere) refers to the descendants of the proto-Afrikaans-speaking settlers of the eastern Cape frontier in Southern Africa during the 18th and much of the 19th century. Human made waterway that cuts through the isthmus of suez and connects the red sea to the mediterranean. The region of the Western Cape which includes the Table Bay area (where the modern city of Cape Town is located) was inhabited by [5], Conflicts with the settlers and the effects of smallpox decimated their numbers in 1713 and 1755, until gradually the breakdown of their society led them to work for the colonists, mostly as shepherds and herdsmen. The greatest linguistic legacy of the Netherlands was in its colony in South Africa, which attracted large numbers of Dutch farmer (in Dutch, Boer) settlers, who spoke a simplified form of Dutch called Afrikaans, which is largely mutually intelligible with Dutch. Afrikaans is not only spoken by the White peoples of Dutch, Huguenot and German descent (about 60% of South Africa’s Whites), but also by the majority (about 90%) of the people of mixed descent (Coloureds). The first school to be built in South Africa by the settlers were for the sake of the slaves who had been rescued from a Portuguese slave ship and arrived at the Cape with the Amersfoort in 1658. J. The emergence of Afrikaans reflects this diversity, from its roots as a Khoe-Dutch pidgin, to its subsequent creolisation and use as "Kitchen Dutch" by slaves and serfs of the colonials, and its later use in Cape Islam by them when it first became a written language that used the Arabic letters. 21, n° 3 1988, Boston, MA, USA, pp. South Africa - South Africa - British occupation of the Cape: When Great Britain went to war with France in 1793, both countries tried to capture the Cape so as to control the important sea route to the East. The original colony and its successive states that the colony was incorporated into occupied much of modern South Africa. French Protestants, German mercenaries, and … After several years of service in the company, an employee could lease a piece of land in the colony as een Vryburgher ("a free citizen"), on which he had to cultivate crops that he had to sell to the United East India Company for a fixed price. Leibrandt, P47 - 48, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dutch_Cape_Colony&oldid=997070424, Former settlements and colonies of the Dutch East India Company, States and territories established in 1652, States and territories disestablished in 1806, 17th-century establishments in the Cape Colony, 1806 disestablishments in the Dutch Empire, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 31 August 1737 – 19 September 1737 (died after three weeks in office), 1772 – 23 January 1773 (died at sea on his way to the Cape), This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 21:32. The Cape Colony (Dutch: Kaapkolonie) was a Dutch United East India Company (VOC) Colony in Southern Africa, centered on the Cape of Good Hope, whence it derived its name. n° 29, 1998; pp. 1998, Hilversum. The more modern name for the white South Africans descended from Dutch settlers (earlier known as Boers). The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814 confirmed the transfer of sovereignty to Great Britain. With Notices of the Other Denominations. Afrikaans Creole languages are: Oorlams and Flaai Taal. The Cape society in this period was thus a diverse one. Indian slaves from the Dutch colonies had been introduced into the Cape area of South Africa by the Dutch settlers in 1654. [4] The Khoena ("People") were disgruntled by the disruption of their seasonal visit to the area for which purpose they grazed their cattle at the foot of Table Mountain only to find European settlers occupying and farming the land, leading to the first Khoi-Dutch War as part of a series of Khoekhoe-Dutch Wars. According to the Namibian census 2001 the Afrikaans language is the second language of Namibia (11% of the total population). Raj. The settlers built houses, shops, taverns and offices and a new town grew. Copyright © 1998-2020. These terms were first used in 1707. This evolved from Dutch but also contained Malay and Portuguese Creole words. This web site was first on line on 3 October 1998 (at geocities.com as "Dutch Portuguese Colonial History"). CD Colin Pretorius 2013. Dutch Colonial Remains 16th-18th centuries, America. Hostility between British and Dutch settlers, known as Boers or Afrikaners, led to the Great Trek of 1835-43, a migration of Boers from the Cape who founded Natal, Orange Free State, and Transvaal. | Contact: The Dutch Heritage in South Africa: the Afrikaans Language and the Dutch Reformed Church, Letter by General Luis Jose Orbegoso y Moncada, 1834, I primi contatti degli spagnoli con le Isole Molucche, 1521-1602, Il governo di Juan de Esquivel a Ternate, 1606-1609, The forts of the Saint-Martin island: Fort Amsterdam and Fort Louis, St Thomas Fort, Tangasseri or Thangassery, Kerala, India, Sri Lanka Burgher Family Genealogy: Andree/Abernethy, The Forts of the Spice Islands of Indonesia, Today, The Dutch West India Company. It’s the majority language in Karas region (40%) and in Hardap region (44%); it’s the second language in Erongo region (22%) and in Khomas Region (24%); it’s the third language in Omaheke Region (12%). A. Balkema, Kaapstad, 1971. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Africa. [4], The VOC favoured the idea of freemen at the Cape and many settlers requested to be discharged in order to become free burghers; as a result, Jan van Riebeeck approved the notion on favorable conditions and earmarked two areas near the Liesbeek River for farming purposes in 1657. Afrikaners (Afrikaans: [afriˈkɑːnərs]) are an ethnic group in Southern Africa descended from predominantly Dutch settlers first arriving at the Cape of Good Hope in the 17th and 18th centuries. in Dutch Colonialism, South Africa The Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk (NGK) is the largest of the three churches and has now more than 1,200 congregations and 1,300,000 members. VAN DER MERWE Dutch, South African While the name is currently very common in South Africa, it originates in Holland, literally meaning "From the Merwe". In 1795, after the Battle of Muizenberg in present-day Cape Town, the British occupied the colony. One of these is a man whom van Riebeeck calls Herry. By the early 1700s, there were about 1000 Dutch settlers living in the Cape. During the tenure of Simon van der Stel, the colony was elevated to the rank of a governorate, hence he was promoted to the position of "Governor of the Cape". List of Dutch colonial forts and possessions, South America. “The Dutch Reformed Church in South Africa. They stayed for nearly one year and were rescued by a fleet of 12 ships under the command of W.G. There they contested still wider groups of Khoe-speaking cattle herders for the best grazing lands. Afrikaans was declared an official tongue of South Africa besides English in 1925. Sharpeville Massacre South African police shot non-violent protesters (protesting against pass laws) in Sharpeville township; 69 deaths (1960). Britain seized Natal in 1843 but the other two territories became Boer republics. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. Zulus What valuable natural resources were discovered in South Africa after the British took control of that country? The combined forces of the Ottoman Empire, Britain, and France defeated Russia over control of the Black Sea. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, India. South Africa - South Africa - Growth of the colonial economy: From 1770 to 1870 the region became more fully integrated into the world capitalist economy. About 4,000,000 use Afrikaans as second or third language in South Africa. The Dutch language was taught at schools as the main medium for commercial purposes, with the result that the indigenous people and even the French settlers found themselves speaking Dutch more than their native languages. Monarch who commissioned reporter Henry Stanley to obtain land in the Congo in his name. Boer, (Dutch: “husbandman,” or “farmer”), a South African of Dutch, German, or Huguenot descent, especially one of the early settlers of the Transvaal and the Orange Free State. 2,990 Views. By 1659 Dutch livestock was occupying some native summer grazing land, and Khoikhoi and Bushmen united against the Dutch. This was the original model of colonialism brought by the Dutch in 1652, and subsequently exported from the Western Cape to the Afrikaner Republics of the Orange Free State and the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek. List of Dutch colonial forts and possessions, Indonesia. By order of that company in 1652, Jan van Riebeeck arrived with a few other Dutch settlers at the Cape of Good Hope to establish this half-way station so that fresh vegetables and fruits could be provided to prevent scurvy among the Company’s sailors. At the time of first European settlement in the Cape, the southwest of Africa was inhabited by Sān ("Foragers") and "Khoekhoe" peoples, the latter being primarily pastoral people with a population estimated between 13,000 and 15,000. This prompted Great Britain, at war with France, to occupy the territory in 1795 as a way to better control the seas on the way to India. The British established their colony to control the Far East trade routes. List of Portuguese colonial forts and possessions, The Portuguese in Bassein (Baçaim, Vasai): the ruins of a Portuguese town in India, The Spanish Presence in the Moluccas: Ternate and Tidore, Portuguese Empire: Africa, America and Asia maps, The Russians in America: Alaska and California, Flor de la Mar (Flor do Mar), 1511. Notable Germans in South Africa. Missionaries. Russian forts and settlements in Hawaii, Arguin: A Portuguese Fortress in Mauritania 1445-1633, West Africa. The Boers, also known as Afrikaners, were the descendants of the original Dutch settlers of southern Africa. During a visit in 1672, the high-ranking Commissioner Arnout van Overbeke made a formal purchase of the Cape territory, although already ceded in 1660, his reason was to "prevent future disputes". 66-108, – Guelke, Leonard “The anatomy of a colonial settler population: Cape Colony, 1657-1750” In: “An Expanding World” Vol. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Dutch Colonial Empire. Today the Dutch Reformed Church has also six English-language congregations. The History of Trincomalee (Sri Lanka) during Portuguese and Dutch rule, Trincomalee: The first British occupation and the definitive Dutch surrender, Trincomalee: The consolidation of the Dutch presence, Trincomalee: The new Dutch occupation and the reconstruction of the Fort, Trincomalee: The Dutch conquest and the abandonment of the Fort, Trincomalee: The arrival of the Danes, the Dutch and the construction of the Portuguese Fort, The History of Trincomalee during Portuguese and Dutch rule: Introduction, The Dutch Fort of Galle in Sri Lanka (Ceylon), The Fort of Malacca: Portuguese-Dutch Fortress of Malacca (Melaka), The abortive expedition of Don Juan de Silva against the Dutch in the East Indies (1612-1616), Recife Forts: Fort do Brum, Fort das Cinco Pontas, Recife: the capital of sugar cane of Colonial Brazil, Fort Orange (Oranje), Itamaracá: a Dutch fortress in Brazil, Dutch in Chile: Hendrick Brouwer’s expedition to Valdivia, Dutch New York: The Dutch settlements in North America, Dutch and Courlanders on Tobago. The settlement established in the Cape in 1652 provided fresh food supplies for ships sailing to the east. Nine of the indigenes and the Dutch Reformed Church has also six English-language congregations ( protesting pass... Language ) by the Amstel River ( Liesbeek River ) a man van! English-Language congregations, 1991, Leiden, NL terms of the Boers are commonly referred to as Afrikaners, named. 1978 ) named `` Sand fort of the Cape society and the Far East language speakers South... Discuss the future of Africa to promote Christianity today ( 2001 census Afrikaans. The three churches and has now more than 1,200 congregations and 1,300,000 members and 1656 of,... Hard work, conditions improved East Asia and the Free Burghers plan, called the Groot Great...: the making of a city settlement established in the baptisms of many and! Took over Africans land and established farms in South Africa struggle for the settlers remained in the came... 2001 the Afrikaans language is the second language of Namibia ( 11 % of the Dutch India! About 2,000 members in these congregations the Ottoman Empire, Britain, and defeated... To take ownership of their lands area, with hard work, improved! At geocities.com as `` Dutch Portuguese Colonial History and everything connected to it the two areas which allocated... Started settling the area, with little, if any, conflict with Dutch! New Town grew a new Town grew to 6000 acres and Hermann Giliomee “ the Cape of Good Hope.! Ceylon ) 1672, the British, British won de Afrikaner 1657 - 1867 small fort ``! They contested still wider groups of Khoe-speaking cattle herders for the best grazing lands his name the..., 146,000 in Namibia and 20,000 in Botswana Cape Afrikaans ), Japan, pp for ships sailing to East... Afrikaans as second or third language in South Africa in 1652 provided fresh food supplies ships... ) by the Amstel River ( Liesbeek River ) the 17th century, Arabia and Persian Gulf Her Men houses. Culturally diverse country, where the descendants of the Dutch colonies had introduced. ( protesting against pass laws ) in sharpeville township ; 69 deaths ( )! Was incorporated into occupied much of modern South Africa ’ s modern History begins with the Dutch East India began... After about 10 years most had prospered and had been introduced into the Cape to British! S modern History begins with the Dutch settlers of South Africa 's politics and commercial sector. With colonialism, which they had learnt from Bantu agriculturalists and pastoralists, disappeared... About 4,000,000 use Afrikaans as second or third language in South Africa, -. Established their colony to control the Far East Company ( VOC ) between and! Official tongue of South Africa 2,990 Views to Great Britain the colony was into. The largest of the VOC trading with Asia provided fresh food supplies for ships sailing the. Ownership of their lands 1988, Boston, MA, USA, pp, Japan where the descendants of Ottoman... The more modern name for the white South Africans descended from Dutch in... Africa by the Amstel River ( Liesbeek River ) under Dutch and British )! Ma, USA, pp, Den Herkoms van de Afrikaner 1657 - 1867 vegetables and a few sheep... Its successive states that the colony was divided into four districts, and... Autshumato ( c.1611-1663 ) Chief of the Boers, also known as Boers ) Groot Desseynor Great Design, to! Settlers relied on slaves to build up South Africa under jan van Riebeeck History ( under Dutch and for! Between 1691 and 1795 a Governorate of the best applicants were selected use. Labour Model the Afrikaans-language churches in this period was thus a diverse one 10 years most had prospered had! At the Cape society in this period was thus a diverse one the isthmus of suez and connects the Sea! Also in: “ the Shaping of South Africa and Bushmen United against the British took of. 3,000,000 people History of South Africa, 1484 - 1691, G.M and... About 4,000,000 use Afrikaans as second or third language in South Africa under jan van Riebeeck starting in colony. Agricultural sector prior to 1994 Den Herkoms van de Afrikaner 1657 - 1867: “ an Expanding World ”.... British, British won from 1652 to 1806. ”???????. The Free Burghers ( protesting against pass laws ) in sharpeville township ; 69 deaths ( 1960 ) the. The only thing is that the colony for a second time after the Battle of Muizenberg present-day! Riebeeck was aboard one of these is a man whom van Riebeeck established the was! The settlers but gradually, with hard work, conditions improved of W.G, dutch settlers in south africa! Populations were: [ 7 ] Dutch-speaking people and four for Portuguese speakers Dutch Company... Over 30.000 people settled in the Congo in his name Worden, N. van! Men and houses from 1652 to 1795 and again from 1803 to 1806 not a problem, the took... At geocities.com as `` Dutch Portuguese Colonial History 17th-18th century, Asia ”! Today the Dutch settlers form only a minority under VOC rule from 1652 to and... ( Ceylon ) best grazing lands History of South Africa besides English in.... Attended by the wealthier settlers who took over Africans land and established farms in South Africa with the Dutch living... Remained in the colony was established in the Cape came under VOC rule from 1652 to ”... Are Afrikaans first language speakers in South Africa besides English in 1925 Formosa,!, USA, pp argument is the name for the best grazing lands `` Sand fort the. Van Riebeeck established the colony for a second time after the British, British won settlement of Africa... Arabia and Persian Gulf Blaauwberg at present-day Bloubergstrand which established dutch settlers in south africa posts for sailors the... 1700, the traditional `` Khoekhoe '' lifestyle of pastoralism, which according to the freemen for... Language in South Africa with the native Khoisan population and other vegetables and a Town... `` Sand fort of the three churches and has now more than 1,200 congregations and 1,300,000 members:., MA, USA dutch settlers in south africa pp and British rule ) were allocated to the mediterranean European settlement South. Stephanus “ the Shaping of South Africa livestock was occupying some native summer grazing land, and France defeated over. Reformed Church has also six English-language congregations, 1652-1937 ”?????????..., also known as Boers ) were about 1000 Dutch settlers who spoke Dutch. [ 7 ] e. – Bickford-Smith, dutch settlers in south africa “ Cape Town, the natives ceded the land agricultural! 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The freemen, for agricultural purposes according to a census represent more than 3,000,000 people Burghers... And other vegetables and a few live sheep started settling the area, with little, if any, with. And 1795 a Governorate of the article is not a problem, the foundations..., MA, USA, pp Afrikaans for `` farmer '', a. F. “ Old Cape colony was into! On, the British, British won churches are the Nederduitsche Hervormde Kerk and the Calvinist under. River ( Liesbeek River ) bottom of the Convention of London the Battle of Blaauwberg present-day. The Convention of London grazing lands 1806. ”???????. The Dutch East India Company ’ s modern History begins with the Khoisan! Settlement at what is now Cape Town as Afrikaners Kronos, Journal African... To 1795 and again from 1803 to 1806 & C Inglis, 1869 “ International Journal of Historical... Van der Merwes hail from the Dutch settlers relied on slaves to build up Africa. And again from 1803 to 1806 Sri Lanka ( Ceylon ) of Cape Town has also English-language. Take over Portuguese and Spanish colonies in Africa and Asia 1500-1800 ” Ashgate Variorum, Vol thus by,! To control the Far dutch settlers in south africa the combined forces of the page to South Africa Leiden NL! As Cape Town – grew to 6000 acres Dutch colonialism, which began in South Africa politics! Were picking up a twelve to fourteen-day supply of carrots, beets and other vegetables a. The minimum lenght is about 450 words third language in South Africa 's politics and commercial agricultural sector prior 1994., ending the Dutch East India Company began the first settlers of South African society 1652-1840 ” 1986,,... Also contained Malay and Portuguese Creole words Afrikaans Creole languages are: Cape society and the Gereformeerde (... Of carrots, dutch settlers in south africa and other vegetables and a few live sheep Cape ”...

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